Minerals are naturally occuring, mostly inorganic solid substances that come from the earth.
Inorganic meaning not from living matter
A mineral is not a rock, though it is found in dirt, rocks and water
Minerals are usually stored in bones, cells, tissue and in muscles
Minerals are chemical substances that contain one or more elements and are usually solid crystals. They have an ordered crystalline
structure; this means the atoms are arranged in a repetetive ordered pattern
Minerals always hold onto their chemical structure despite the chemical reactions they undergo.
This means they are not destroyed by the body’s digestive process or food preparation and always retain their individual identity
Minerals that are not stored in body tissues are usually excreted out in waste so excess amounts do not accumulate to dangerous levels
Minerals from the soil and water can easily find their way into the body through food and fluids that are consumed
Minerals are usually needed in smaller quantities than vitamins
Calcium is a mineral and is needed for strong healthy bones and teeth
There is more calcium within the body than any other mineral
Calcium is like the cement or glue that holds bone cells together: almost all of it is stored in the bones.
The remainder is found within blood, the muscle, and the fluid between cells
Calciun helps to release hormones and enzymes that affect almost every function in the human body. It is an essential
component for the clotting process and regulating the ph balance in the blood
The ph of blood is very critical for sustaining life and controls processes such as breathing and being able to transport oxygen in the blood cells
Calcium is also necessary for muscles to be able to move. It regulates muscle contraction including heartbeat, and is
required by nerves to transmit electrical signals between the brain and all body parts.
Calcium is essential for the transmittion of information between nerve fibers otherwise they don't work properly,
if levels get too high or low certain organs will fail to function
The body has a great system for keeping the right amount of calcium in the blood and tissues
The intestines will absorb less calcium if there is enough in the blood or too much has entered the body.
If there is not enough calcium in the diet it is borrowed from the bones, although if this is not replaced, over
time too much will have been taken from the bones and brittle bones can occur
Calcium interacts with other important nutrients to enable your body to function efficiently
vitamin D is required by the body to be able to absorb calcium efficiently
Some natural foods that contain calcium:
broccoli, chinese cabbage, Kale, mustard greens, okra, poppy, celery, chia and sesame seeds,
almonds, beans and lentils, i.e. chickpeas, kidney beans, black beans, peanuts, soybeans
Phosphorous is the second most abundant mineral in the body
It is needed by the body for making protein which is to be used in the growth, maintenance and repair of cells and tissues.
Phosphorous plays a role in the body's energy stores by helping to make ATP and helps in how the body uses carbohydrates and fat
Phosphorous works alongside calcium to maintain and create strong bones and teeth. It is esssential for the formation of teeth and bones
which contain the greatest percentage by keeping the keeping the gums and enamel strong and healthy. The rest is found throughout the body in cells and tissues
Phosphorous is essential for growth, maintenance and repair of all the tissues and cells in the body. The kidneys help in removing exess phosphorous from the blood
Phosphorous helps the body manage energy properly. It does this by making sure the nutrients that are entering are used properly & efficiently
Phosphorous helps to eliminate waste and fluids much more efficiently and is essential in the production of proteins
It regulates heartbeat, the body absorbs less phosphorus when calcium levels are too high
Phosphorous is involved in the production of DNA and RNA
DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA is the main component of chromosomes and carries genetic information
RNA stands for ribonucleic acid,
RNA is a nucleic acid present in all living cells.
The main function of nucleic acid is to store and transfer genetic information, with a view in helping to make new proteins
The two main nucleic acids are DNA and RNA
RNA's primary role is to act as a messenger
It carries instructions from DNA for controlling the production of proteins
Phosphorous helps nerves conduct electricity
It encourages the digestion of B2 and B3 to maximise their efficiency
Phosphorous also helps regulate hormones
Some natural foods that contain phosphorous:
brazil nuts, sunflower, pumpkin seeds, quinoa, amaranth, beans & lentils